Fort Spanjola

Herceg Novi, Montenegro

cover photo

Fortification Spanjola


The fortress called Spanjola, by the local population, kept its name to this day, even though the Turks were rebuilt around 1539. - 1548. On the spot where they built the Spaniards for a short time, they conquered the city in 1538.- 1539, destroying at that place a smaller Turkish fort.

On the construction of this monumental and their most well-established fortifications throughout the Adriatic, the Turks left a written testimony of the Turkish inscription (Turkish until 1928 written in Arabic, then Latin) above the entrance to the fortress which means: "This fortress According to the Sultan's order, Suleiman, the son of great Emir Selman Han, a mighty and clean knight, was raised by the son of Sinan-beg, the great vizier of the Sultans. Let him revive the long summer and progress in happiness and possession under the cover and with the help of the gracious God. And the poets who make the way this way, let me look at me with ecstatic clicks: O you are beautiful, you are a beautiful building. "

Because of the strategic advantages of the hill Bayer, the Spanish fort is located on the northwestern side of the city at an altitude of 170m and dominates the entrance to the Bay of Kotor. It provides a wide-ranging view of the vast territory. The fort is surrounded by massive walls with four protruding circular bastions at the corners. The main entrance on the eastern side is secured by the outer wall, while the south side, towards the sea, is adapted and adapted to the new fortification requirements (it is the Venetian opus), in the western part the Turkish opus and parts of the mosque are preserved. Spaniards always had the character of military character, until the beginning of 20th century. In World War II, it was a prison for some time. Herceg Novi architect Boris Dabović is at the end of 1988. In the course of the year, he prepared the preliminary program of its revitalization.